AskDefine | Define settle

Dictionary Definition

settle n : a long wooden bench with a back [syn: settee]


1 settle into a position, usually on a surface or ground; "dust settled on the roofs" [syn: settle down]
2 bring to an end; settle conclusively; "The case was decided"; "The judge decided the case in favor of the plaintiff"; "The father adjudicated when the sons were quarreling over their inheritance" [syn: decide, resolve, adjudicate]
3 settle conclusively; come to terms; "We finally settled the argument" [syn: square off, square up, determine]
4 take up residence and become established; "The immigrants settled in the Midwest" [syn: locate]
5 come to terms; "After some discussion we finally made up" [syn: reconcile, patch up, make up, conciliate]
6 go under, "The raft sank and its occupants drowned" [syn: sink, go down, go under] [ant: float]
7 become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style; "He finally settled down" [syn: root, take root, steady down, settle down]
8 become resolved, fixed, established, or quiet; "The roar settled to a thunder"; "The wind settled in the West"; "it is settling to rain"; "A cough settled in her chest"; "Her mood settled into lethargy"
9 establish or develop as a residence; "He settled the farm 200 years ago"; "This land was settled by Germans"
10 come to rest
11 become clear by the sinking of particles; "the liquid gradually settled"
12 arrange or fix in the desired order; "She settled the teacart"
13 accept despite complete satisfaction; "We settled for a lower price"
14 end a legal dispute by arriving at a settlement; "The two parties finally settled"
15 dispose of; make a financial settlement
16 cause to become clear by forming a sediment (of liquids)
17 sink down or precipitate; "the mud subsides when the waters become calm" [syn: subside]
18 fix firmly; "He ensconced himself in the chair" [syn: ensconce]
19 get one's revenge for a wrong or an injury; "I finally settled with my old enemy" [syn: get back]
20 make final; put the last touches on; put into final form; "let's finalize the proposal" [syn: finalize, finalise, nail down]
21 form a community; "The Swedes settled in Minnesota"
22 come as if by falling; "Night fell"; "Silence fell" [syn: fall, descend]

User Contributed Dictionary



Old English setl, from Germanic *setla-, representing Indo-European *sed-lo-, from *sed- ‘sit’. Cognate with German Sessel, Dutch zetel; and with Greek ἑλλά, Latin sedo, Russian седло. The verb (Old English setlan) developed from the noun.


  • /ˈsɛtəl/
  • sĕtʹəl, /"sEt@l/
  • Rhymes: -ɛtəl


  1. A seat of any kind.
  2. A bench with a high back and arms.
  3. A place made lower than the rest; a wide step or platform lower than some other part.
    Quotation: And from the bottom upon the ground, even to the lower settle, shall be two cubits, and the breadth one cubit. --Ezek. xliii.


  1. To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm, steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; esp., to establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the like.
    • And he settled his countenance steadfastly upon him,until he was ashamed. --2 Kings VIII. 11. (Rev. Ver.)
    • The father thought the time drew on Of setting in the world his only son. --Dryden.
  2. , : To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain or install as pastor or rector of a church, society, or parish; as, to settle a minister.
  3. To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose.
    • God settled then the huge whale-bearing lake. --Champman.
    • Hoping that sleep might settle his brains. --Bunyan.
  4. To clear of dregs and impurities by causing them to sink; to render pure or clear; -- said of a liquid; as, to settle coffee, or the grounds of coffee.
  5. To restore or bring to a smooth, dry, or passable condition; -- said of the ground, of roads, and the like;as, clear weather settles the roads.
  6. To cause to sink; to lower; to depress; hence, also, torender close or compact; as, to settle the contents of a barrel or bag by shaking it.
  7. To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or question; to free from uncertainty or wavering; to make sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to settle an allowance.
    • It will settle the wavering, and confirm the doubtful. --Swift.
  8. To adjust, as something in discussion; to make up; to compose; to pacify; as, to settle a quarrel.
  9. , : To adjust, as accounts; to liquidate; to balance; as, to settle an account.
  10. , : To pay; as, to settle a bill. --Abbott.
  11. To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as, the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New England; Plymouth was settled in 1620.
  12. : To become fixed or permanent; to become stationary; to establish one's self or itself; to assume a lasting form, condition, direction, or the like, in place of a temporary or changing state.
    • The wind came about and settled in the west. --Bacon.
    • Chyle . . . runs through all the intermediate colors until it settles in an intense red. --Arbuthnot.
  13. To fix one's residence; to establish a dwelling place or home; as, the Saxons who settled in Britain.
  14. To enter into the married state, or the state of a householder.
    • As people marry now and settle. --Prior.
  15. To be established in an employment or profession; as, to settle in the practice of law.
  16. To become firm, dry, and hard, as the ground after the effects of rain or frost have disappeared; as, the roads settled late in the spring.
  17. To become clear after being turbid or obscure; to clarify by depositing matter held in suspension; as, the weather settled; wine settles by standing.
    • A government, on such occasions, is always thick before it settles. --Addison.
  18. To sink to the bottom; to fall to the bottom, as dregs of a liquid, or the sediment of a reservoir.
  19. To sink gradually to a lower level; to subside, as the foundation of a house, etc.
  20. To become calm; to cease from agitation.
    • Till the fury of his highness settle, Come not before him. --Shak.
  21. To adjust differences or accounts; to come to an agreement; as, he has settled with his creditors.
  22. , : To make a jointure for a wife.
    • He sighs with most success that settles well. --Garth.

Derived terms

Related terms


to fix one's residence

Extensive Definition

Settle is a small market town within the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. The local travel links are located less than a mile from the town centre to Settle railway station and 29 miles to Leeds Bradford International Airport. Also, the main road running through Settle is the B6480, which links to the A65, connecting Settle to Skipton. The town has a population of 2,421 according to the 2001 Census.
Settle is a popular Yorkshire tourist destination attracting many visitors from around the world.
Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, and located in Ribblesdale, the town lies at the southern edge of the Yorkshire Dales, within a few miles of the Three Peaks, and is perhaps best known for its railway station which is at the southern end of the scenic Settle to Carlisle Railway.
Settle's market is held weekly on Tuesdays, in the market place in the centre of the town, which is surrounded by local businesses, most of which are family-owned, with some offering items for sale unique to the Settle area.
The district includes several caves where prehistoric remains have been found, the most notable being Victoria Cave, so called because the inner chamber was discovered on Queen Victoria's accession day in 1837. Victoria Cave contained remains of mammoth, bear, reindeer and hippopotamus as well as stones, flint, bone and other implements and ornaments. The discovery of flint is noteworthy since it is not a substance that is found naturally in the area; it would probably have been used for arrowheads.
Other points of interest are Malham Cove and tarn, the Clapham and Weathercote caves, the chasm of Hell Pot and the waterfall of Stainforth Force (pronounced in the local dialect as 'Stainforth Foss'), the ravine of Gordale Scar, the cliffs of Attermire, Giggleswick Scar and Castleberg, which is the largest outcrop of limestone in Britain, standing immediately above Settle itself.
Settle itself has three schools, and works on a middle school system, with Settle Primary School, Settle Middle School, and Settle College. To the west of the town is Giggleswick School, one of the principal public schools in the north of England, founded in 1512. The museum at Giggleswick holds many of the artifacts discovered at Victoria Cave.
Settle is twinned with the French Mediterranean seaside town of Banyuls-sur-Mer.

Notable people

settle in Dutch: Settle
settle in Romanian: Settle
settle in Volapük: Settle

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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